The questions ‘who‘, ‘what‘, ‘why‘, ‘when‘, ‘where‘ and ‘how‘ are essential to our daily living and a thirst for knowledge.The Five Ws, Five Ws and one H, or the Six Ws are questions whose answers are considered basic in information-gathering.
They constitute a formula for getting the complete story on a subject. According to the principle of the Five Ws, a report can only be considered complete if it answers these questions starting with an interrogative word:
Who is it about?
When did it take place?
Where did it take place?
Why did it happen?
Some authors add a sixth question, “how”, to the list, though “how” can also be covered by “what”, “where”, or “when”
How did it happen?
Each question should have a factual answer — facts necessary to include for a report to be considered complete. More importantly, none of these questions can be answered with a simple “yes” or “no”.